Debt/Income Ratio

Your ratio of debt to income is a tool lenders use to calculate how much money can be used for a monthly mortgage payment after you have met your various other monthly debt payments.


How to figure the qualifying ratio

Most underwriting for conventional loans requires a qualifying ratio of 28/36. FHA loans are a little less strict, requiring a 29/41 ratio.

In these ratios, the first number is the percentage of your gross monthly income that can be spent on housing. This ratio is figured on your total payment, including homeowners' insurance, HOA dues, Private Mortgage Insurance - everything.

The second number is the maximum percentage of your gross monthly income which can be applied to housing costs and recurring debt together. For purposes of this ratio, debt includes credit card payments, auto payments, child support, et cetera.

For example:

With a 28/36 ratio

  • Gross monthly income of $6,500 x .28 = $1,820 can be applied to housing
  • Gross monthly income of $6,500 x .36 = $2,340 can be applied to recurring debt plus housing expenses

With a 29/41 (FHA) qualifying ratio

  • Gross monthly income of $6,500 x .29 = $1,885 can be applied to housing
  • Gross monthly income of $6,500 x .41 = $2,665 can be applied to recurring debt plus housing expenses

If you'd like to run your own numbers, we offer a Mortgage Pre-Qualifying Calculator.

Don't forget these ratios are just guidelines. We will be thrilled to help you pre-qualify to help you figure out how large a mortgage you can afford. First American Financial can walk you through the pitfalls of getting a mortgage. Give us a call: 770-270-9044. Want to get started? Apply Here.

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